What is l glutamine made from*


Generic Name: glutamine (GLOO ta meen)

Brand Name: GlutaSolve, NutreStore, SYMPT-X Glutamine, SYMPT-X GI, Endari

What is glutamine?

Glutamine is an amino acid that affects the processes of growth and function of cells in the stomach and intestines

Glutamine is a medical food product that is used to supplement dietary sources of glutamine This medicine is used to treat a glutamine deficiency, or a loss of glutamine caused by injury or illness

Glutamine is also used in combination with human growth hormone to treat short bowel syndrome

Glutamine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide

Important Information

Follow all directions on your medicine label and package Tell each of your healthcare providers about all your medical conditions, allergies, and all medicines you use

Before taking this medicine

To make sure glutamine is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:

liver disease; or

FDA pregnancy category C It is not known whether glutamine will harm an unborn baby Do not use this medicine without a doctor's advice if you are pregnant

It is not known whether glutamine passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby Do not use this medicine without a doctor's advice if you are breast-feeding a baby

How should I take glutamine?

Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended

When treating short bowel syndrome, you may need to take glutamine 6 times per day for up to 16 weeks

The number of times per day you take glutamine depends on the reason you are using it Always follow your doctor's instructions

Take glutamine oral powder with a meal or snack unless directed otherwise

Take glutamine tablets on an empty stomach, at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal

Dissolve your dose of glutamine oral powder in at least 8 ounces of hot or cold liquid You may also mix the powder with a soft food such as pudding, applesauce, or yogurt Stir the mixture and eat or drink all of it right away

Do not pour dry glutamine powder directly into a tube feeding formula Always mix the powder with water and infuse it directly into the feeding tube using a syringe

While using glutamine, you may need frequent blood or urine tests

Glutamine may be only part of a complete program of treatment that may also include a special diet, tube feedings, and IV fluids It is very important to follow the diet and medication plan created for you by your doctor or nutrition counselor

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat Keep each dose of the oral powder in its packet until you are ready to use the medicine

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose

What happens if I overdose?

An overdose of glutamine is not expected to produce life-threatening symptoms

What should I avoid while taking glutamine?

Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity

Glutamine side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat

Call your doctor at once if you have:

hearing problems; or

signs of infection such as fever, chills, sore throat, flu symptoms, mouth sores, unusual weakness

Common side effects may include:

nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, gas;

swelling in your hands or feet;

muscle or joint pain, back pain;

headache, dizziness, tired feeling;

mild skin rash or itching; or

dry mouth, runny nose, increased sweating

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088

Glutamine dosing information

Usual Adult Dose for Dietary Supplement:

Average Dose: 10 g orally 3 times per day

Usual Adult Dose for Short Bowel Syndrome:

Oral: 5 g orally 6 times per day at 2 to 3 hour intervals, with meals or snacks, while awake, for up to 16 weeks; to be used in combination with growth hormone and nutritional support

Usual Adult Dose for Sickle Cell Anemia:

In a clinical study of 7 patients after 4 weeks of therapy with glutamine at 30 g orally per day, there was clinical benefit in reducing the oxidative susceptibility of sickle red blood cells

Usual Pediatric Dose for Sickle Cell Anemia:

In a clinical study of 27 children (52 to 179 years old) after 24 weeks of therapy with glutamine at 600 mg/kg/day orally there was clinical benefit seen in resting energy expenditure and improvement in nutritional parameters

What other drugs will affect glutamine?

Other drugs may interact with glutamine, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using

More about glutamine

Consumer resources

Professional resources

Related treatment guides

Where can I get more information?

  • Your pharmacist can provide more information about glutamine
  • Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed
  • Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist

Copyright 1996-2012 Cerner Multum, Inc Version: 201

Date modified: January 03, 2018

Last reviewed: October 09, 2014

Drug Status

Availability Prescription only

Pregnancy Category Risk cannot be ruled out

CSA Schedule Not a controlled drug

Glutamine Rating

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Drugscom provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment Data sources include Micromedex® (updated Jan 2nd, 2018), Cerner Multum™ (updated Jan 3rd, 2018), Wolters Kluwer™ (updated Jan 3rd, 2018) and others To view content sources and attributions, please refer to our editorial policy

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What is l glutamine made from

What is l glutamine made from

I am often asked “What is the difference between gluten, glutamate and L-glutamine?” The following is a post I made on the Coping with Epilepsy forum when this topic came up during one of their discussions Hopefully this will clear things up As usual, I covered a few extra items in my response pertaining to the development and perpetuation of seizures

Gluten vs Glutamate (glutamic acid) vs Glutamine

I get this question regularly It looks like Bernard and Robin have answered it but I thought I would throw in my 200 cents worth :)

As Bernard posted, glutamic acid is an amino acid as is it neurologically inactive sibling, glutamine Glutamic acid is found in most foods but very abundantly in gluten grains (wheat, barley, rye), soy/legumes/peanuts, dairy products, nuts, seeds, meats and the gluten-grain substitutes (quinoa, amaranth, tapioca as well as the non-gluten grains millet, flax and sorghum)

Glutamic acid is the principal neurotransmitter as posted above MSG (monosodium glutamate), whose parent protein is glutamic acid, is used as a flavor enhancer due to it neurostimulating effect on the taste buds When it reaches the brain, it induces migraines, seizures, the “MSG rush”, and lowers the pain threshold (eg people with fibromyalgia or other chronic pain syndromes)

The “revelation” is that the food sources of glutamic acid can do the very same thing they simply take longer to reach the brain It takes a half hour or less for MSG to reach the brain but it takes 4-6 hours for “bound glutamate in food” to get there This the CLASSIC meal-to-seizure interval in un-medicated individuals This is paralleled by the “insomniac” who wakes up like a shot at 1-2 AM, 4-6 hours after dinner/dessert

People ask me about meats and the answer is “Meats don’t do all of the other harm so they only need to be limited in the worst of the worst cases whose neurons are seriously compromised by the previous ill effects of the “big 4” – gluten, casein, soy and corn This is also true of nuts, seeds, and the gluten grain substitutes I had a case recently of a woman who did quite well on The GARD (diet) but did not completely stop seizing until she gave up her cashew fetish She will be able to go back tom eating them in the future once her neurons return to normal

The GARD – The Glutamate & Aspartate Restricted Diet – continues to halt seizures in dogs and people as well as help treat a myriad of neurological disorders when applied properly The latter is the key Some individuals require an extreme degree of vigilance Think “peanut allergy” when attempting to grasp the sensitivity that some develop to these lectins I just wrote a piece on “secondary food intolerance”, which is the term I use to describe the lectins of the “big 4” we acquire when we eat the meat of animals consuming them (especially wheat, soy and corn) This is not covering my derriere…this is now proven fact

I hope this helps,

“What is the difference between glutamate, glutamic acid, and glutamine? The latter is supposed to be good for helping to heal IBD and other large intestine afflictions, or so I’ve been told Thanks! Love your site and this FB page!”

“I’ve been wanting to work that out L glutamine is supposed to help with gut lining health/healing leaky gut is it not? So I have wondered the same thing Would also like to find out how L-Glutamine is metabolized, and if its contraindicated for a dog that has liver problems ( and fed on GARD diet) and IBD Maybe Dogtor J could advise us??”

Great questions, and…I just wrote an article on that last week :) It can be found here: http://dogtorjcom/?page_id=3631

L-glutamine is an amino acid that the intestinal lining uses to heal and repair It is also converted to glutamate (glutamic acid) as needed by the body

So…the question becomes “Should a person suffering from an ‘excitotoxin’-related disorder take L-glutamine?” According to Dr Russell Blaylock, a specialist in this area, this should be done with caution if at all http://bitly/d126AO

Therefore, the best course of action is to avoid the foods that damage the intestinal tract’s ability to convert glutamate to glutamine and vice versa We know what they are: Gluten grains, dairy, soy and corn We should then eat foods naturally rich in glutamine – beef, fish, poultry, EGGS, raw cabbage, beets – while avoiding specific glutamine supplementation, which could cause problems

These are little tidbits of knowledge I’ve discovered or insights I’ve gained over the years while doing my in-depth studiesFor example, did you know researchers have found that nearly 40% of the genetic information in our DNA is viral information? This explains what we call “genetic diseases” including familial and breed tendencies toward food intolerance (eg celiac disease), neurological disorders (eg epilepsy), and numerous cancers

In this section, I will be placing links to the latest breaking news in the food world, including updates on the use of elimination diets to control disease, articles on pet food, the truth about GMO foods and more I will do my best to balance the bad with the good, but try to remember: Much of this will seem like bad news but at least we know about it now…and can change it!

With some of these stories, I will include a link to a blog entry so that you can comment on the article This idea came to me after reading the first entry, which is a news flash that made my blood boilGlutamine dosing informationUsual Adult Dose for Dietary SupplementAverage Dose 10 g orally 3 times per dayUsual Adult Dose for Short Bowel SyndromeOral 5 g orally 6 times per day at 2 to 3 hour intervals, with meals or snacks, while awake, for up to 16 weeks to be used in combination with growth hormone and nutritional support.

Shoot me an Email by clicking on the icon at the top of each page Video testimonials are also welcome

The “leaky gut syndrome” is the root of many medical evils once the “big 4” induce it Read how Italians have survived being a pasta-based society

As misconceptions go, this is a high-priority item Hip dysplasia is not what we were taught

I have been studying “idiopathic epilepsy” extensively since April of 2000 Guess what? It’s not idiopathic anymore A diet change can cure it!

Dogs and cats are carnivores yet most pet foods are grain-based Knowing how to read a label is also very important Does your pet food really have vegetables in it? Really

I have been successfully treating pets with epilepsy using diet changes alone for nearly 10 years The results have been astounding This paper helps to summarize my findings and recommendations

This is the first blog placed on BlogtorJcom (6-24-07) and pretty much covers the gamut of topics – from heartburn to cancer – that are discussed on this Website The bottom line? Viruses and bacteria are not the enemy We are! The good news: We do have our health destinies in our own hands

This paper is an article I wrote for the newsletter of wwwceliaccom when asked about the prevalence of celiac disease (gluten intolerance) in the dog and cat This condition has been definitively diagnosed in the Irish Setter but not many other breeds of dogs I will not be at all surprised when we find that it does exist in numerous other breeds… and even the lovable mutt…but as this article explains, that may very well be a moot point Gluten is only the beginning

Yes, it is quite long, but it appeared on my computer screen and was placed onto the Web just as it came out of my head And it is wordy in places But, as I tell my clients, “There is no law that you have to read it all in one sitting Think of it as a free, short book rather than a long research paper It’s all how you look at it, right?”

The one thing I can say is that this information WILL change your life…guaranteed

What is l glutamine made from


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